作者：admin 发布时间：2016-01-15 分类：全部文章
NB:This may not be a word-for-word transcript.
Telephone Interview with Kip S. Thorne
Telephone interview with Kip S. Thorne following the announcement of the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics, 3 October 2017. The interviewer is Adam Smith咒怨黑少女 , Chief Scientific Officer of Nobel Media.
[Kip S. Thorne] Hello.
[Adam Smith] Good morning, my name is Adam Smith, calling from Nobelprize.org, the website of the Nobel Prize in Stockholm. First of all, congratulations on the award of this year’s Nobel Prize.
[Kip S. Thorne] Thank you very much.
[Adam Smith] It could hardly have come any quicker. The announcement was just last year.
[Kip S. Thorne] Uh, yes, that’s…that’s right. It is amazingly quick.
[Adam Smith] Einstein himself probably didn’t think that gravitational waves could be recorded. But you have always been a believer, I gather?
[Kip S. Thorne] Well, I have been a believer,苏拉文雅 but I began...I’m much younger than Einstein and by the time I came along there were lasers原画人论坛 , there were massive computers, technology had changed独刺 , and our understanding of possible sources of gravitational waves had changed. Neutron stars and black holes which should be the strongest sources皿方罍 , Einstein had none of that to base his ideas on. So囧妃桃花多 , yes, in his seminal paper on gravitational waves, he indicated skepticism that gravitational waves would ever be detected.
[Adam Smith] And now, they open a new window on the universe. What will we be able to see now that we can detect gravitational waves?
[Kip S. Thorne] I think over the coming decades匙吻鲟 , we’ll see enormous numbers of things. Just as electromagnetic astronomy was begun, in essence, at least modern astronomy, by Galileo pointing his telescope in the sky and discovering Jupiter’s moons. This is the same thing but for gravitational waves. This is...Gravitational waves are the only other kind of wave, besides electromagnetic that propagate across the universe, bringing us information about the universe. So initially, we will see not just binary black holes. We will see neutron stars collide, tear each other apart许氏大酱 ,比特币交易平台 we will see black holes tearing neutron stars apart, we will see spinning neutron stars淡浮院 , pulsars, when the space-based LISA mission is operating hopefully by about 2030斯里查潘 , we’ll be exploring basically the birth of the universe, the earliest moments of the universe. And there will ever so much more, I’m sure, including huge surprises, as…as the years wear on.
[Adam Smith] Talking of surprises, the one that you’ve just received, how did the news come to you?
[Kip S. Thorne] Well, I think it was not unexpected that this opening gravitational wave window onto the universe would get a Nobel Prize. I was hoping that the prize would go to the LIGO-Virgo collaboration, which made the discovery山歌帝 , or to the LIGO laboratory, the scientists of the LIGO laboratory刺黄连 , who designed and built and perfected the gravitational wave detectors and not to Barish, Weiss and me. We live in an era where some huge discoveries are really the result of giant collaborations, with major contributions coming from very large numbers of people. I hope that in the future, the Nobel Prize committee finds a way to award the prize to the large collaborations that make this and not just to the people who may have been seminal to the beginning of the project, as we were.
[Adam Smith] That…that I guess is…is a conversation and a debate that is going to run and run, yes.
[Kip S. Thorne] I feel that I’m an icon for the LIGO-Virgo collaboration and the LIGO laboratory and I’m pleased to be that icon and represent what they have achieved.
[Adam Smith] That’s nicely said. So何再贵 , will we be welcoming you to Stockholm in December then?
[Kip S. Thorne] Yes, of course.
[Adam Smith] [laughs] Good. Once again, congratulations and we greatly look forward to meeting you in December.
[Kip S. Thorne] Thank you.
[Adam Smith] Thank you. Bye bye.